College of Arts and Letters
Criminal Justice Department
History and Geography Department
Modern and Classical Languages Department
Schwob School of Music
Political Science Department
The College of Arts and Letters is comprised of the departments of Art, Communication, Criminal Justice, History, Language and Literature, Music, Political Science, and Theatre Arts. The dean's office is located in 209 Faculty Office Building.
Department of Art
The Department of Art provides a broad curriculum of all aspects of the visual arts including drawing, printmaking, painting, sculpture, ceramics, photography, small metals fabrication and jewelry, digital media and visual techniques, art education, art history, and art criticism. The Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) in art is designed for students discovering, exploring and developing their own creative talents, while the Bachelor of Science in Education (BSEd) in art education prepares graduates for graduate school or for teaching art in the public schools. The graduate programs section of the catalog has information on the Master of Education in art education.
BFA graduates will demonstrate competence in:
- Historical concerns
- Diverse cultures
- Art theory
BSEd Art Education
BSED graduates will demonstrate competence in:
- Historical concerns
- Diverse cultures
- Art theory
- Art education foundations
- Curriculum development
- Teaching administration
MED Art Education
The Master of Education (MEd) in Art Education provides graduate-level education for students seeking further training in the field of art education. Students are required to submit undergraduate transcripts and a portfolio for review and complete an interview with the department chair and program director. Graduate students wishing to enroll in 6000-level art studio courses must have successfully completed undergraduate course work in that area.
Graduates will demonstrate competence in:
- Studio concentration
- Art history and analysis
- Technical processes
- Teaching competencies
- Critical analysis
- Aesthetic inquiry
- Research in art
- Art education concepts
- Curriculum development in art
- Education foundations
Department of Communication
The Bachelor of Arts (BA) in communication offers a broad background in theory and skills applicable to all communication contexts. Based on the premise that communication is a foundational aspect of society, the communication program is designed for students to acquire knowledge about effective interaction with others in a variety of environments.
The general communication concentration may be used as a basis for continued study in graduate school, or for management, sales, the ministry, public relations, marketing and other professional fields relying on strong presentation skills.
A review each semester to determine retention in the Communication Department is based on the following:
- Maintenance of a 2.5 grade point average in the major,
- If the grade point average falls below 2.5, the student has one semester to raise the grade point average to a 2.5 or re-apply to the department.
Communication graduates will have:
- Communication skills (e.g., writing, speaking and listening).
- Production skills (e.g., computer graphics, Internet sites, public relations).
- Research skills (e.g., library, surveys).
- Critical analysis skills (e.g., apply principles and theory to situations).
- Adaptability in responding to persons (e.g., age, gender, cultural differences) and situations.
- Knowledge of communication history, theory and career opportunity.
Department of Criminal Justice
The Department of Criminal Justice offers a one-year professional certificate, which is tailored to meet the needs of in-service criminal justice personnel. Certificate students are reminded that the certificate program does not guarantee admission to either the associate or the bachelor degree programs, and that they will be assigned to the current catalog requirements as of the date when they change from certificate to degree programs. Additionally, certificate students who are admitted to a degree program must immediately satisfy core requirements and Regents Exam requirements.
The Associate of Applied Science in Criminal Justice (AASCJ) degree is designed for students who are seeking a degree that will meet the minimum educational requirements of various law enforcement agencies for entry and/or promotion. All criminal justice majors are strongly encouraged to take and complete the associate degree in criminal justice before taking any bachelor degree criminal justice courses.
The Bachelor of Science (BS) degree enables students to demonstrate a general knowledge of law enforcement, legal research, corrections, and criminology. Students must take a minimum of thirty-nine (39) semester hours in CRJU courses in residence at Columbus State University.
Maximum credit for Professional Training/Academies will be twelve (12) semester hours in the associate and/or bachelor degrees.
Students in degree programs are reminded that evening students may have to take some courses during the day to complete degree requirements.
Graduates of the criminal justice program find secure jobs with local, state, and federal government agencies such as city and state police, sheriffs' departments, probation and parole departments, Georgia and Federal Bureaus of Investigation, drug enforcement agencies, the Secret Service, correctional institutions, juvenile justice agencies, and private industrial security.
Information on the Master of Public Administration degree with the justice administration option may be found in the Political Science section of this catalog.
Graduates will be able to demonstrate knowledge of:
- principles of criminal justice systems
- knowledge of law enforcement organization and procedures
- skills of legal research and analysis
- concepts of punishment and rehabilitation in the context of correctional systems
- major theories of criminal behavior
BS graduates also will be able to demonstrate and apply knowledge about each of the above by passing the department exit exam.
Department of English
The Department of English offers the following degrees:
BA in English, Literature Concentration
BA in English, Professional Writing Concentration
BA in English and Secondary Education
Students can choose one of two tracks for the Bachelor of Arts (BA) in English: literature or professional writing. Both tracks offer courses of study that cultivate in students an appreciation for the power of language, while they sharpen students' reading, research, writing, and analytical skills. English majors study one foreign language through the 2002 level and pass an exit survey to complete their degree.
Students in the literature track study British and American writers, and may follow their interests into literary criticism, linguistics, world literature, African-American literature, women writers, and film. This program provides groundwork for students planning to go to graduate or professional school in the humanities, education, law, or any field that requires the skills and thoughtfulness that students of literature develop. English majors acquire writing skills that are valuable in any career.
The professional writing track prepares students for writing careers in business or industry. The track offers courses in technical writing, news writing, desktop publishing, and business writing. Internships with Columbus-area organizations provide students with valuable hands-on experience. Professional writing students develop strong skills in electronic research, writing, and editing.
The BA in English and Secondary Education prepares students for teacher certification and career in teaching. In addition, the department offers courses to satisfy Georgia requirements for an endorsement to teach English as a second language for those already certified or in the process of being certified to teach.
The department offers minors in English (Literature Track), English (Professional Writing Track), and Linguistics.
Expected Outcomes for English majors. Graduates will demonstrate:
- The ability to express ideas in writing
- The ability to read critically
- An awareness of the interrelations between literature and other disciplines
- Knowledge of the principal genres and periods of literature
- The ability to apply research skills
- An understanding of the history and structure of language and its role in the human experience
Information about the Associate in Science (AS) in general studies can be found in the University College section.
Department of History and Geography
History is the study of the human experience across time, space, and cultures. Historical interpretation, methodology and analysis help students reason systematically and examine critically people and events in the past as well as social, political, and cultural forces and their interaction within societies and among cultures. As academic disciplines, human geography and history offer students, colleagues, and the community methods to reach thoughtful judgments about human affairs.
The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in History equips students with the communication, research and analytical skills that are necessary for success in the twenty-first century. History graduates can expect to have successful careers in business, administration, journalism, religious ministry, and education. With additional professional or graduate study, they may enter the legal profession or find employment at research institutes, universities and colleges.
Requirements. Students seeking the B.A. in History must earn grades of C or better in all HIST and GEOG courses in Areas G and H.
Students completing lower division course work (1000 and 2000 level) in History and Geography will demonstrate:
- an understanding of history from human centered and world perspectives, including awareness of individuals and social groups as creators of history.
- comprehension of the relationships between events over time including cause and effect, change and continuity, and structure and agency.
- an understanding of the complexity of historical analysis and the ability to incorporate gender, ethnicity, race and class into an explanation of the past.
- the ability to place major events and historical interpretations into chronological order and into a broader historical framework.
- comprehension of major themes in history to include demographic change and migration, social change, political change, economic change, cultural change and interaction, technological change, religion and ideological development, and globalization.
- the ability to read, understand, and discuss historical interpretation and information.
- an understanding of the commonality and diversity of politics, societies, cultures and geographical regions of the world.
Graduates of the program in history will demonstrate:
- the ability to organize and support an historical thesis in written form and to discuss historical issues in a group setting.
Comprehension of Historiography and Historical Context
- an understanding of different interpretations of historical evidence.
- the ability to incorporate knowledge from related fields such as geography, economics, anthropology, sociology, literature, philosophy, art history or statistics depending upon the area of specialization.
- the ability to place major events and historical interpretations into chronological order and into the broader thematic context.
Global and Comparative Perspectives
- the ability to use resources such as the internet, library, archives and oral interviews.
- computer skills necessary for inquiry, writing, synthesis, and communication.
- the ability to communicate with others orally and in writing concerning historical facts, issues and interpretations.
- research methods and historical discourse that value the work of others, maintain high standards in regard to proper evidence, and exhibit tolerance for alternative methods of research, synthesis and analysis.
- the ability to document sources properly using Turabian.
the ability to compare historical developments across time, space and cultures.
Department of Modern and Classical Languages
The Department of Modern and Classical Languages offers the following programs:
BA French with Teacher Certification
BA Spanish with Teacher Certification
Minors in French and Spanish
Students majoring in foreign languages are preparing themselves to be global citizens. This course of study can prepare students for a wide range of pursuits, including careers in education, government, business, or any institution with international dealings.
The department encourages educational activities beyond the classroom. It sponsors and encourages study abroad experiences, foreign language clubs, honor societies, language tables, film series, and lecture events. The foreign language program is supported by a 25-seat computer laboratory and by tutoring through the learning support office of University College.
Expected Outcomes for graduates of the BA program in French or Spanish. (Outcomes for teacher certification programs are listed in the College of Education section.)
Graduates will demonstrate
- the ability to communicate in the target language consistent with national standards, which includes the ability to engage in conversation, to understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics, and to present information to audiences.
- a understanding of the relationship between languages and cultures.
- an awareness of the interrelationships between foreign languages and other disciplines.
- a knowledge of historical and literary periods and genres of the target language and cultures.
- skills necessary for analyzing and interpreting literature with respect to historical and political perspectives.
- knowledge of contemporary issues related to culture and literature.
- the ability to apply research to formal and reflective writing on literature and culture.
Schwob School of Music
The mission of the Schwob School of Music at Columbus State University is to serve the educational and musical needs of its students and the larger community. Hallmarks and commitments of the school, which are linked to the larger university mission statements, include the following:
- An emphasis on undergraduate education;
- Affirmation of balanced performance and music educational values;
- A mixture of liberal arts and professional programs, realized through a strong core of general education for all students, contribution to that core through courses for non-majors, and degree programs for aspiring music professionals (BA in Music, BM in Performance, Piano Pedagogy, and Music Education, and MM in Music Education);
- Creative and scholarly work by faculty and students;
- Programs that reflect the best current professional practices in design and pedagogy, and that prepare students for the realities of the world of music in the 21st century;
- The use of technology in the creation, performance, and teaching of music;
- A student-centered environment;
- A diverse faculty and student body, including both U.S. nationals and persons from abroad;
- Service to the local community through the presentation of concerts, the preparation of teachers, professional development activities, and non-credit programs;
- Faculty and institutional service to the profession of music in higher education;
- Collaboration with other departments and programs on campus and with the public schools, other arts organizations, and other music professionals;
- Excellence in Performance;
- An emphasis on quality;
- A growing reputation as a center of excellence for undergraduate music study, creating a magnet effect throughout the state, the region, the nation, and abroad.
Note: All degree programs, services, and personnel are available every academic year. Most courses required for degrees are offered every year; a few upper-level courses are offered in alternate years. Music electives are offered.
The baccalaureate program in music provides students a broad range of programs in music and music education with experiences that relate to the needs of the community, state, and region.
The Bachelor of Arts (BA) in music is a liberal arts degree program with a broad curriculum that includes the standard music history and theory courses but encourages diversification through many electives both within and outside of music. This program provides preparation for further study toward careers other than professional performance or public school teaching.
The Bachelor of Music (BM) in performance is offered for piano, organ, voice, flute, oboe, clarinet, saxophone, bassoon, trumpet, horn, euphonium, trombone, tuba, violin, viola, cello, string bass, guitar, or percussion and is designed for the student who values creativity in different environments, wants to spend time with the genius of great composers, and desires to shape his or her own future within that context while realizing new possibilities in vocal or instrumental performance.
The Bachelor of Music (BM) in music education has a choral track and an instrumental track. This degree has traditionally been for the preparation of elementary and secondary school teachers. In today’s world there are many other directions that graduates may also choose from including university teaching, performance, composition, music business, technology, and others. The completion of this degree is accomplished through the joint efforts of the College of Education and the academic divisions of the university. Because the programs are tightly structured, students must begin a planned program of their choice as soon as possible after they enroll at Columbus State University. Music education students will spend one semester in full-time teaching activities under the supervision of a classroom teacher in the public schools.
- Applied music major proficiency, including sight-reading
- Knowledge of literature appropriate to the applied music major
- Rehearsal and conducting skills
- Proficiency in a secondary applied area
- Understanding of music theory and aural/visual/verbal analysis
- Ability to apply knowledge of form and composition in all areas of music study
- Knowledge of various styles, cultures, and media, and ability to place music in historical/cultural/ stylistic contexts
- Ability to compose in original and historical styles
- Ability to improvise
- Knowledge of current technology related to all areas of music study
- Understanding of the interrelatedness of all areas of music study and the music professions
- Ability to form and defend value judgments about music
- Knowledge of capabilities (range, transposing characteristics, and normal use) of the voice and the major band and orchestral instruments and their normal function in homogeneous and heterogeneous ensembles
- Ability to sing at sight tonal and atonal melodies
- Knowledge of the basic principles of singing
- Ability to apply knowledge of pedagogical skills in vocal and/or instrumental idioms
- Ability to articulate, in oral and written form, the role and importance of music in society
- Ability to detect errors in music performance
- Knowledge of school music curricula (music education only)
- Knowledge of instrumental and vocal teaching methods and literature (music education only)
- Knowledge of curriculum/lesson planning (music education only)
- Knowledge of developmental theory, evaluation of learning, and program organization and administration (music education only)
Requirements for Admission to the Major
In order to be accepted as a music major, each student must demonstrate aptitude in his/her major instrument or voice through a placement audition and interview with a member of the music faculty. All newly admitted music majors also must take placement examinations in music theory and piano. Music majors who take time off before completing degree requirements will be required to re-audition if they have missed a full academic year (fall and spring, or spring and fall).
Transfer students: Please note that placement in music courses is based on audition and testing results and not necessarily on previous college credit.
All music majors are required to attend all master classes in their major instrument and must perform at least once each semester in a recital or master class. All students enrolled in applied music must be concurrently enrolled in the major music ensemble activity that corresponds to their major instrument (Strings-Orchestra, Winds/Percussion – Wind Ensemble, Voice-Choral Ensemble).
Students in the Bachelor of Arts program must complete at least 66 semester hours in disciplines outside of music. These hours may be earned as general education requirements, foreign language, general electives, and courses in a minor.
MM Music Education
The Master of Music in music education is designed to provide teachers of music with in-depth training and experience in one of three areas of concentration: general music, conducting, or pedagogy. The course of study in each of these areas aims to improve student expertise in handling instructional challenges and musical demands. Course content includes curriculum planning, lesson design, student motivation, use of technology and research, application of learning theory, techniques of recruitment, styles of administration, application of music theory and history, instructional and conducting techniques appropriate to various educational levels, score reading and analysis, and music literature. The degree leads to certification in Georgia and is accredited by both NASM and NCATE.
Regular admission - Students must satisfy the following four requirements:
- For the one-year program: either (1) hold a bachelor's degree in music education from an accredited college or university or (2) hold a bachelor's degree in some other music area from an accredited college or university (such as BM, BA, etc.) along with a Georgia teaching certificate or its equivalent from another state. For the two-year program: hold a bachelor's degree in some music area other than music education without a Georgia teaching certificate or its equivalent from another state.
- Present a minimum score of 800 on the aptitude test of the Graduate Record Examination or hold a clear, renewable teaching certificate.
- Present transcript(s) of all the student's undergraduate work that reveal at least a 2.75 grade point average on all work attempted for which a letter grade was awarded.
- Perform, either on videocassette or before an authorized Schwob School of Music faculty member, an audition revealing basic skills in the student's chosen area of concentration: general music, conducting, or pedagogy.
Provisional admission - Students must initially satisfy the following three requirements, then qualify for regular admission by the end of the first semester of attendance:
- For the one-year program, satisfy the requirement above for regular admission. For the two-year program, satisfy the requirement above for regular admission.
- Present a minimum score of 700 on the aptitude test of the Graduate Record Examination or hold a clear, renewable teaching certificate.
- Present transcript(s) of all the student's undergraduate work that reveal either (1) at least a 2.5 grade point average on all work attempted for which a letter grade was awarded, or (2) at least a 2.5 grade point average on the most recent 45 semester hours of work attempted for which a letter grade was awarded.
Students admitted on a provisional basis may retain this status for one semester only, during which they must qualify for regular admission by completing the appropriate requirement(s) as follows: (1) perform and pass the required audition, if not previously passed and/or (2) if admitted with provisional level GRE, enroll as full-time students taking required course work and completing the semester with a grade of B or better.
Non-degree admissionn - Students who undertake graduate work at the university without meeting all the requirements for regular or provisional admission are placed in non-degree status. Such students who subsequently satisfy all the regular admission requirements may apply a maximum of nine semester hours of this course work toward degree requirements.
Students pursuing the Master of Music Education degree must satisfy five proficiency requirements, four in music and one in education. The four music proficiency exams must be passed before initial coursework begins. The education proficiency must be passed before a teaching certificate can be issued. Students may receive assistance in preparation for examination or re-examination or any of these proficiencies by enrolling in appropriate courses at the undergraduate level without credit toward the master's degree.
Music proficiency requirements - (1) pass a keyboard examination demonstrating facility at the keyboard, (2) pass an aural skills examination demonstrating proficiency in sight singing and rhythm, (3) pass a Music History exam, and (4) pass a Music Theory exam.
Education proficiency requirement - exempt or pass the PRAXIS II examination.
No more than six semester hours of independent study or special topics may be applied toward meeting requirements for the Master of Music in Music Education degree.
Credit by Transfer
A maximum of nine semester hours of applicable graduate work from an accredited graduate music program may be accepted toward the Master of Music in Music Education degree, provided the credit was earned not more than seven years prior to the date of completion of this degree. Any number of semester hours of applicable undergraduate work transferred from an accredited undergraduate music program may be accepted toward the first year of the two-year program for this degree. The Schwob School of Music will accept or reject proposed transfer credits based on the applicability of the credit to this degree program.
Students seeking the Master of Music in Music Education degree must satisfactorily complete a prescribed course of study of at least 35 semester hours numbered 5000 or above: 18 semester hours of professional core courses, 14 semester hours of area of concentration courses, and three semester hours of electives. Students who desire a teaching certificate and who have not taken SPED 2256 or its equivalent must take EDCI 6228 as their three semester hours of electives.
Students with an undergraduate music major in an area other than music education must enroll in the two-year program and complete the following 31 semester hours of course work prior to enrolling in courses at the 5000 level or above:
EDCI 6225 Foundations of Education
EDCI 6226 Instructional Applications
EDCI 6227 Human Development
EDCI 6228 Special Education
EDUF 4205 Integrating Technologyy
MUSE 3202 Intermediate Conducting
MUSE 4205 Elementary School Music Methods
MUSE 4485 Student Teaching
Select one of the following courses:
MUSE 4206 Secondary School Choral Methods
MUSE 4207 Secondary School Instrumental Methods
Department of Political Science
The Department of Political Science offers courses in all major parts of the discipline (American politics, political theory, comparative politics, international relations, public administration), and offers the Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree.
A political science degree is a pathway to law school, graduate school, or employment with government agencies or private sector organizations (businesses, interest groups, research organizations). While no specific undergraduate major is required for law school, the political science program addresses the communication skills, critical understanding of institutions, behaviors and values, and analytical thinking recommended for the study of law.
Political Science graduates will:
- Demonstrate knowledge of the discipline of political science in terms of its history, content, purpose and methodologies
- Demonstrate knowledge of the sub-fields of political science (American politics, political theory, comparative politics, international relations, public administration)
- Demonstrate the ability to analyze materials (e.g. data, texts) and to think critically.
- Demonstrate the effective ability to communicate orally
- Demonstrate the ability to communicate effectively in writing
- Be prepared to achieve their personal goals with regard to intellectual and social skills
- Be prepared to achieve their personal goals with regard to governmental employment, private employment, graduate and/or professional school
The Master of Public Administration (MPA) program is designed to promote achievement of students' professional objectives with regard to government agencies and health organizations. It is suitable also for not-for-profit organizations. The program offers curriculum options in:
The program is appropriate for mid-career students with undergraduate degrees in liberal arts or technical/professional areas. To provide access to in-service as well as pre-service students, classes are scheduled for evenings and Saturdays; selected justice administration courses are taught in a week-long format.
- Students will demonstrate knowledge of core and option subjects on the comprehensive examination.
- Graduates will express satisfaction with the contribution of the degree to their professional goals.
An undergraduate degree from an accredited institution is required. Regular admission requires a minimum 2.75 undergraduate grade point average and either a minimum score of 800 on the general test of the Graduate Record Examination (total of verbal and quantitative scores) or a minimum score of 400 on the Miller Analogies Test. Applicants not meeting these criteria may be admitted as provisional students, if the department offering the option finds other indicators of probable success, such as professional achievement or upward trend of undergraduate grades.
Each MPA option is subject to the following requirements:
- All students must complete the common core for the degree.
- A minimum B average in core courses, with no more than two Cs, and a minimum grade of B in option courses are required for degree completion.
- No more than 17 semester credit hours in the D. Abbott Turner College of Business courses, including transferred credit, may be credited toward the MPA degree.
- Satisfactory completion of the Comprehensive Examination (MPAC 7000) is required for graduation. The examination is based on courses taken and normally is completed in the last semester of enrollment. It is the responsibility of the student to register for MPAC 7000 in the appropriate semester. The examination is drawn up and graded by a committee appointed by the program director, which includes core and option faculty. The director is eligible to serve on the examination committee. A candidate who fails the examination will be eligible for re-examination during the next semester. Students in the general government and justice administration options may substitute MPAC 7999 (Thesis) for MPAC 7000.
Department of Theatre
The mission of the Department of Theatre at Columbus State University is to educate students in the collaborative art of theatre by preparing them for professional employment, careers in theatre education, and graduate study. The course of study teaches the craft and artistry of acting, directing, design, technical, and educational theatre. The professional and energetic faculty encourages students to experiment, explore, and discover in a supportive yet challenging environment. CSU productions serve as a laboratory where students practice classroom theories, test analytical skills, and undertake cooperative endeavors while promoting the creative act of theatre. Theatrical seasons are selected to provide the student with the opportunity to experience plays from a range of periods and genres presented in a variety of production styles for both adult and young audiences. The CSU Department of Theatre seeks to enhance the quality of life for the university and metropolitan communities by sharing our students’ growth and development through our eclectic theatrical productions.
The Department of Theatre offers comprehensive undergraduate programs, which are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Theatre. The department offers the Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) in Performance and the Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) in Theatre Design and Technology which provide a concentrated theatrical background in acting, directing, design, and technical theatre for students planning careers in the professional theatre and in higher education. The Bachelor of Science in Education (BSEd) in theatre education provides certification to teach drama in primary and secondary grades. The Bachelor of Art (BA) in theatre provides a broad theatrical background for students planning careers in professional, higher educational, or community theatre. A minimum grade of “C” is required for all theatre courses in each of the degree programs.
CSU graduates may pursue employment in the entertainment and related fields in a number of areas including acting, directing, arts management, education, technical theatre, and design. Teacher certification qualifies students to teach in public and private schools in Georgia and other states.
In order to be accepted as a Theatre major, each student must audition and/or interview with the Theatre faculty. Theatre majors that take time off before completing degree requirements will be required to re-audition if they have missed a full academic year (fall and spring, or spring and fall).
Transfer students: Please note that placement in Theatre courses is based on audition/interview and not necessarily on previous college credit.
Theatre graduates will be able to demonstrate:
- General knowledge of all areas of the theatrical process.
- Knowledge of the theatre history and appreciation for dramatic literature of western civilization.
- Knowledge of and proficiency in theatre design and technology.
- Knowledge of and proficiency in acting and directing.
- BSEd graduates also will be able to demonstrate knowledge of and proficiency in the methods of teaching theatre.